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Despite being in its infancy, Web3 has the potential to combine the advantages of blockchain and DevOps working together. This article explores how DevOps methodologies, procedures, tools, and blockchain technology work in concert.

Blockchain is a distributed, immutable ledger technology. A blockchain ledger is made up of decentralized “blocks” that record transactions or other events that took place on the network of the ledger. A transaction that has been recorded on a blockchain cannot be altered after that point. Blockchains can be either centralized or decentralized, but they will always be dispersed by their very nature.

DevOps is a broad phrase that refers to a software development culture, mentality, development methods, processes, and technology. To raise the caliber of software delivery, DevOps emphasizes teamwork, automation, predictable results, shorter delivery cycles, and speedier client feedback.

The majority of blockchain networks are decentralized, which means that network nodes rather than centralized servers power them. Decentralized blockchains are also permissionless, which allows anyone to access them and take part in their networks.

An imagined future iteration of the internet is called Web3.

Web2 brought about the era of user-generated content that is dynamic and widely used eCommerce. While Web3, which is backed by blockchain technology, ushers in a new era of decentralization by giving consumers themselves ownership of their personal data in place of major players.

How Do Blockchain and DevOps can Work Together?

The software delivery chain is continuously enhanced through the DevOps cycle. Its best practices can facilitate the development of blockchain technology across various stages and tooling. Containerization, automation, and brief development iterations will aid blockchain development utilizing current DevOps tools and techniques.

On the other hand, because to immutability, security, smart contracts, and other features, blockchain technology offers a better way to deliver services and data. It can also advance DevOps delivery to a new level by guaranteeing quality and removing uncertainty.

How DevOps Tools and Techniques Aid Blockchain Development

The table that follows demonstrates how several DevOps phases might cooperate to aid in the creation, testing, and deployment of a blockchain.

DevOps Blockchain Development Web3 Example
FeedbackThe development team for the blockchain program gets input on how to enhance or add new features from clients, internal teams, and even market research on rivals.Service monitoring tools:
Request Tracker
DevelopmentThe blockchain application’s development team updates its features, makes improvements to those that already exist, or repairs errors. They employ many technologies, platforms, and development tools.Development environments, frameworks, libraries, repositories: 
Remix IDE
Solidity
Truffle
Drizzle
Ethlint
Radicle
Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)
TestingUnit testing is done on freshly written code by developers. Performance testing, system integration testing, and other tasks are carried out by the test team.Testing tools:
Ethereum Tester
Ganache
Diligence Fuzzing
IntegrationWhen each test is successful, the team uploads the updated code to the blockchain application’s source code repository. The newest adjustments to the master branch are combined using a pull request.CI tools:
CircleCI
JenkZins
Build & DeploymentA build process is started when an integration into the master branch occurs. This is the point at which the application has finished development and is prepared for deployment. The Continuous Deployment pipeline distributes the application to lower environments after the build is finished. After deployment, these environments undergo a series of automated tests to make sure everything is operating as it should. The pipeline launches the most recent iteration of the blockchain application into production if all automated tests pass.Build automation and CD tools:
Gradle
Truffle
MonitoringThe blockchain application’s logs, metrics, traces, and events are collected via observability platforms, log management programs, and monitoring tools. These tools are used by IT teams to investigate security concerns, troubleshoot incidents and performance issues, and plan capacity.Observability tools: 
Infura
BlockScout
Ethernal
Quine
OperationsTeams in charge of IT operations make ensuring the blockchain application is performing as promised and meeting SLAs. They apply hotfixes, upgrade software, perform critical infrastructure maintenance operations, and other related activities.Service management tools:
Spiceworks

How DevOps Practices Can Benefit from Blockchain

As a young technology, blockchain has advanced significantly from being used only for cryptocurrencies and the transfer of value to a variety of uses today. As the technology develops, there are many ways that it can improve the DevOps and software delivery processes.

  • A blockchain’s immutable ledger technology can be used by an application to convey data in a more transparent and trustworthy manner. The blockchain can increase the reliability of the software by allowing each node to store a complete history of the software’s development process and its dependencies.
  • Only when all predetermined conditions are met successfully will smart contract arbitrary code run. Therefore, the testing and acceptance process can be regulated using smart contracts. Such a strategy would also aid in automating compliance and approval procedures.
  • While the DevSecOps methodology works to assure software security, a blockchain that demands authentication improves this security even further by confirming the network’s participants. Researchers can pinpoint the exact moment of each security incident by recording log events in an immutable ledger.

Future of DevOps and Web3

A new generation of blockchain-based DevOps tools, procedures, and practices may be developed by Web3. Decentralized, distributed, secure code repositories for international business and open source collaboration are examples. Such code repositories include Radicle and Ellcrys, for instance.

Additionally, Web3 will need specialized programming languages that offer a wide range of libraries and can accommodate blockchain limitations. Solidity is one illustration of such a programming language. Truffle is a development framework that programmers can use to create, test, and run their applications on the Ethereum Virtual Machines (EVM).

Web2 apps enable message content verification, but not always sender verification. A further degree of security in blockchain technology is provided by trusted nodes that can confirm the sender. Through the immutable ledger and smart contracts, Web3 will boost developer trust and security while allowing anyone to check the caliber and intent of a piece of software. Such smart contracts can be audited using tools like Diligence. Secrets and key management can benefit from additional tools like Quorum Key Manager.

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